|Born: 14 Mar, 1879 in Ulf, German Empire
Died: Apr 18 1955 in Princeton, New Jersey, USA
Albert Einstein was a famous German-American theoretical physicist, famous for the theory of relativity and the mass energqy equivalence formula E=mc2 . Born in Ulm, Germany in 1879, Einstein was visiting the United States when Adolf Hitler took power in 1933 and decided to stay, becoming an American citizen in 1940.
During World War II, Einstein was one of the first to suggest that Nazi Germany is researching atomic weapons and that the United States should start similar research. Even though this would eventually lead to the Manhattan Project, Einstein later denounced the use of nuclear fission as a weapon and highlighted the dangers of nuclear weapons in the Russell-Einstein Manifesto with British philosopher Bertrand Russell. By the time of his death in 1955, Einstein had published over 300 scientific papers. He received a Nobel Prize in 1921 “for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect”.
Albert Einstein’s great contributions to science, along with his unique appearance, have left a huge mark on popular culture. He has been the subject of many books and movies, while also described as a “cartoonist’s dream come true” by a Time Magazine cartoonist. Einstein has left such a legacy that his last name has become synonymous with “genius”
- Nobel Prize in Physics(1921)
- Matteucci Medal (1921)
- Copley Medal (1925)
- Max Planck Medal (1929)
- Time Person of the Century(1999)