Stephen Hawking

Stephen Hawking
Born: Jan 8 1942 in Oxford, England
Fields: Physics – general relativity and quantum gravity

Biography - Awards - Books

Biography 

Stephen Hawking is a British theoretical physicist and cosmologist, who enjoys massive success with his works in popular science. He is an honorary member of the Royal Society of Arts , a lifteime member of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences and a recepient of a Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian honor in the United States. His motor neurone disease has left him almost completely paralyzed and confined to a wheelchair, forced to speak through a speech generating device.

Hawking was born in Oxford, England to medical researcher Frank and secretary Isobel. He initially struggled academically, but soon started showing a great aptitude towards scientific subjects. Under influence from his mathematics teacher Dikran Tahta (with whom he built a computer out of clock parts and a telephone switchboard at the age of 16 in 1958), Hawking decided to study mathematics in university. Despite that, his father wanted him to attend the Oxford University College like him, so Hawking decided to study physics and chemistry, since mathematics was not an option there. He completed his doctorate in 1966. His essay, titled ”Singularities and the Geometry of Space-Time”, got top honors, including the Adams Prize.

His disease started taking effect in the late 1960s, taking away his ability to write and getting him to stop lecturing. Despite that, he still continued the work started with his PhD thesis, which got him compared to Mozart creating a symphony in his head by physicist Werner Israel. He started studying black holes in 1970 and published his first book, The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time.

Since the 1970s, Hawking has be recognized for his contribution to quantum mechanics and other scientific fields on numerous ocassions. Most recently, this came in the form of the Presidentila Medal of Freedom in 2009 and the Russian Fundamental Physics Prize in 2012.

Awards

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Presidential Medal of Freedom

Copley Medal

Albert Einstein Medal

Wolf Prize in Physics

Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society

Hughes Medal

Eddington Medal

 Dirac Medal of the Institute of Physics

Books


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A Brief History of Time by Stephen Hawking A Brief History of Time   Synopsis and Bibliography
The Grand Design by Stephen Hawking The Grand Design   Synopsis and Bibliography
The Universe in a Nutshell by Stephen Hawking Universe In a Nutshell   Synopsis and Bibliography
George's Secret Key to the Universe by Stephen Hawking George’s Secret Key to the Universe   Synopsis and Bibliography
Stephen Hawking: An Unfettered Mind Stephen Hawking: An Unfettered Mind   Synopsis and Bibliography

More books by Stephen Hawking

Categories : Physics

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